UNDP in Iraq
Who we are
Iraq was a founding member of the United Nations in 1945. Present in Iraq since 1976, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is committed to supporting the Government and people of Iraq during their transition towards reconciliation, reform and stability.
UNDP’s support ranges from promoting emergency livelihoods and community dialogue in districts impacted by the humanitarian crisis, to helping stabilize newly liberated areas through its Funding Facility for Stabilization (FFS), to providing technical assistance in support of governance reforms and decentralization.
What we do
In January 2016, UNDP’s new four-year Country Programme Document (CPD) was endorsed. The CPD focuses on:
1. Developing a framework for rights, peace and stability through public institutional reform;
2. Improving delivery of public goods and services through administrative and fiscal reform and devolution from the national Government to the governorates; and
3. Reviving communities through direct intervention to stabilize newly liberated areas in preparation for early returns and recovery.
The Country Office is committed to:
1. Accelerating institutional reform in key national institutions;
2. Supporting the devolution of administrative and fiscal authority to governorates; and
3. Contributing to stabilization, peacebuilding and early recovery.
Given the special status of the Kurdistan Region, UNDP is working with the Regional Government to accelerate high priority structural reforms.
UNDP is the lead partner supporting Security Sector Reform. Support includes developing an action plan for the reform of the security sector, and strengthening democratic oversight by building the capacity of the Security and Defense Committee in the Council of Representatives. In partnership with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and UNAMI, UNDP is working on initiatives for judicial and criminal justice reform, including by developing curricula and criteria for the recruitment and training of judges, prosecutors and police.
On 11 August 2016, UNDP and the Government of Iraq signed an agreement to help strengthen the capacity of the Government to detect, investigate and prosecute high-profile and complex corruption cases. In support of the Government’s reform programme, UNDP is also developing procedures and training materials for the merit-based recruitment of senior government officials. Special efforts are made to support Government’s economic reform agenda both at federal and regional levels.
UNDP is supporting implementation of the Provincial Powers Act (Law 21), the cornerstone of the country’s important efforts to derogate and decentralize administrative authority to the Governorates. UNDP is helping to reform public financial management and budget execution in high priority governorates and at the federal level through its important Integrated Public Sector Modernization Programme and the Kurdistan Public Sector Modernization Programme.
UNDP’s flagship stabilization facility is supported by more than 25 donors. Based on priorities identified by the Government of Iraq and local authorities,FFIS helps to quickly repair public infrastructure, provides grants to small businesses, boosts the capacity of local government, promotes civil engagement and community reconciliation, and provides short-term employment through public works schemes. Given the sensitive nature of stabilization and the fragile conditions prevailing in many newly liberated areas, concerns over human rights, protection, gender and inclusion are taken into account in prioritizing and sequencing activities.
In April 2016, UNDP opened a second stabilization channel known as the Funding Facility for Expanded Stabilization (FFES). FFES is an intermediate mechanism designed to quickly consolidate the gains made during immediate stabilization by generating large numbers of jobs in newly liberated cities and stabilizing the corridors between liberated districts.
In collaboration with UNAMI, UNDP is helping to develop a strategy for reconciliation that focuses on building capacity and mobilizing influential local actors, including religious and tribal leaders and youth and women’s groups, to promote social peace through mediation training and inter-community dialogue.
Iraqi returnees continued to be supported by UNDP’s Funding Facility for Stabilization in 2017
Stabilization projects implemented or underway in 23 locations in Anbar, Salah al-Din, Ninewah, Diyala and Kirkuk Governorates
Local Peace Committees established in Salah al-Din, Anbar, and Diyala to support community reconciliation
Internally displaced people and refugees received legal and social services at 6 Legal Aid Centres in 2016-2017
Direct beneficiaries in vulnerable communities have improved risks awareness and disaster preparedness along the Tigris flood plain
Governorates formulated Provincial Development Strategies: Basra, Missan, Muthanna, Diwaniyah, Erbil, Sulaimaniyah and Duhok
Governorates of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq developed Sustainable Energy Action Plans: Erbil, Duhok and Sulaimaniyah
Youth reached online including in training sessions on entrepreneurship and innovation for development
Users visited our website in 2017, with over 70% increase compared to 2016, and millions were reached on social media