Iraq faces a large-scale humanitarian crisis. Alarming development gaps and security risks affect more than 10 million people, of which more than 3.3 million have fled their homes in the central and northern regions, in addition to 250,000 Syrians seeking refuge in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Furthermore, in anticipation of more cities being liberated, including Mosul, it is expected that massive new displacement of people will occur in the imminent future.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) leads the early recovery and resilience agenda in Iraq by supporting employment and income generation through local NGO partners. In addition, UNDP supports central and local authorities in leading the crisis response and in the rehabilitation of basic social infrastructure, particularly in those areas where the return of displaced people is possible. Finally, UNDP seeks to pre-empt gross human rights violations, reduce risks of gender based violence, and foster social cohesion amongst diverse communities in developing tools to mediate and resolve conflicts.
The Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme (ICRRP) for 2014-2018 is a critical contribution to this and focuses on areas that are not (or so far not sufficiently) covered by other humanitarian clusters or agencies. UNDP thereby strongly complements the primarily life-saving and shorter term activities carried out by other humanitarian partners through this multi-sectoral, integrated programme strategy that has sustainability and resilience-building at its core. Activities are implemented in close collaboration with local counterparts, as a critical basis for ownership and to contribute to longer term resilience of communities.
The ICRRP covers the following key thematic areas: 1) Coordination; 2) Basic services and accountability; 3) Livelihoods recovery; 4) Protection; and, 5) Social cohesion. Using a gender mainstreaming approach, the programme aims to address the practical and strategic needs of the affected women.
What we have achieved so far
- 570,000 people benefited from enhanced provision of basic services nationwidecreate jobs and businesses for 14,000 people;
- Over 94,000 people (over 40% females) have enhanced livelihoods in 8 governorates: Salah al-Din, Erbil, Sulaimaniyah, Ninewah, Diyala, Duhok, Basra and Kirkuk;
- 5,000 vulnerable Syrian refugees and Iraqi internally displaced people (IDPs), including victims of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV), received legal support through 8 Legal Service Centers and mobile services;
- 5,930 people participated in social cohesion processes in communities, in which the local population, IDPs, and Syrian refugees live alongside each other; and
- The Joint Coordination and Monitoring Centre (JCMC) of the Government of Iraq and Joint Crisis Coordination Centre (JCC) of the Kurdistan Regional Government have significantly improved their institutional and technical capacities, and continue to provide critical coordination assistance to the ongoing crisis response operations.