Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme Annual Report 2018
2018 was a year of transition for the Iraqi Crisis Response and Resilience Programme (ICRRP) as the increasing number of returnees to liberated area’s demanded support, and the protracted displacement of individuals in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), resulted in a geographic and strategic shift.
Despite this shift, resilience-building in conflict effected communities – particularly in areas with high numbers of IDPs, refugees and returnees – remained central to all programming. ICRRP planned and implemented activities with a vision to use the opportunity of rehabilitation and recovery to shape sustainable communities and equip them to better manage future crises, using community-driven approaches to help people rebuild their lives and prevent further deterioration of post-crisis situations.
With the return of 4.2 million IDPs to their places of origin, livelihoods recovery activities gained greater traction, including through emergency livelihood support, vocational and employability trainings, business development and grant distribution, as well as job placement. Moving forward, this is an area of support which ICRRP expects to further expand in 2019 and 2020, in order to meet the economic recovery needs of about 2.4 people (IOM DTM).
Also, in 2018 ICRRP piloted the Area based Recovery Approach, designed to cater to diverse needs of conflict affected communities by implementing complimentary activities across livelihoods, basic services, protection and social cohesion, as determined through community consultation and participatory programming. Implementation was undertaken in two locations (in Misureek, Duhok and Al Abara, Diyala) in late 2018 and concluded in early 2019.
Overall, ICRRP activities directly and indirectly supported an estimated 1,160,000 individuals across five thematic areas: Crisis Prevention and Response, Basic Services, Livelihood Recovery, Protection and Social Cohesion.
- A Crisis Management Law was developed for the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) and submitted to the Council of Ministers for approval in 2019;
- A Gender and Safeguarding Analysis of the JCMC and JCC was completed to help determine the extent to which gender and protection issues were integrated into their policies, plans, strategies, structure, staff learning and knowledge products. This was followed by the training of 35 staff (14 women) on mainstreaming gender within the JCMC and JCC systems and activities, and a gender policy being drafted for the Ministry of Interior (MoI);
- 82 JCC staff (41 women) and 85 JCMC staff (14 women) were trained in Crisis and Recovery Needs Assessment (CRNA), Information Management, Analysis and Reporting (IMAR), Disaster and Crisis Response Planning (DCRP), Crisis and Recovery Coordination (CRC), and Leadership and Team Management, among other courses.
- In the KRI, 14 labour-intensive infrastructure projects created livelihood opportunities for 1,151 people (64 women) through cash-for-work. These projects contributed to the restoration of critical infrastructure and enabled IDP’s, refugees and host community members to earn a basic income through both skilled and unskilled labour;
- A total of 33 community infrastructure units were rehabilitated/reconstructed across multiple locations in Iraq, including in the KRI in 2018, resulting in improved access to basic services for an estimated 1.1 million people – across the housing, electricity, roads, sewerage, water, education and civil/mixed works sectors
- Across Iraq, 442 individuals (496 women) benefitted from other sustainable livelihood support, including 195 individuals supported to find 6 months full-time employment at market salary rate in the KRI and Ninewa Plains, and language, literacy and vocational training courses offered to 222 individuals (40% women) in Erbil, to help boost their employability;
- In Dohuk, emergency asset replacement or business grants were given to 337 people to help grow their businesses – including beekeeping, small store holders, tailoring and barbering;
- In Arbat, Sulimaniyah, 287 people (52% women) benefitted from psychosocial support and community-based services while 176 people (65% women) developed their skills in mediation capacities;
- In Yathrib, Salah al Din, a peace agreement was signed by Shia and Sunni Arab tribes after a process of intra-community dialogues and meetings involving 199 people (11% women). The signatories committed to support security agencies and the rule of law, support victims and prevent retaliation and collective punishments, and to ensure the realization of sustainable social cohesion in the area;
- The first Arabic language Peace Lexicon was developed with the participation of 11 academics and experts (4 from Iraq, and 7 from the region), consolidating over 263 key terms relating to peace and conflict studies, enabling academics to speak a common language when communicating on peace and conflict in Iraq.