Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme Annual Report 2016
The humanitarian, security and development crisis in Iraq is ongoing, volatile and extreme. Since the war in Syria began, about 250,000 refugees have crossed into Iraq, predominantly into the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I). The conflict with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has forced 3.3 million Iraqis to leave their homes. Nearly a third of the Iraqi population need humanitarian aid. The military operation to liberate further ISIL controlled areas, including the city of Mosul, will increase that need in 2017.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is assisting both the crisis response and the recovery process in Iraq, and is seeking to secure people’s hope for the future by building a resilience framework. To achieve this, UNDP established the Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme (ICRRP).
This annual report for 2016 details the work, goals and achievements of UNDP’s ICRRP that has a five strand approach focusing on: a) improved crisis response; b) improved basic services; c) improved livelihoods; d) protection of the vulnerable groups; and e) social cohesion.
ICRRP is operational since 2014 with a total budget of US$76.5 million for 2013-2016. The programme is working in the KR-I (Erbil, Duhok and Sulaimaniyah), as well as in neighbouring Diyala, and some parts of Baghdad, Ninewah, Salah-al Din, Kirkuk, Basra, Najaf and Karbala Governorates.
The programme has an emphasis on gender and women empowerment. Women and girls are particularly at risk with a high occurrence of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV), including rape and abduction. Women, either widows or single parents, also head many households. In addition, UNDP recognizes that women play an important role in promoting peace and reconciliation.
ICCRP’s achievements have been made possible by the generous support of the Governments of Germany (through KfW), Japan, the United Kingdom/Department for International Development (DFID), UNHCR, as well as the partnership and leadership of the Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). ICRRP’s Project Board, comprising of donor partners and government counterparts, has provided strategic guidance and oversight support.
- National institutions strengthened their ability to provide critical coordination support to crisis response operations
- Over 2.4 million people benefit from improved basic services
- 18,104 households, 40% of which headed by women, provided with livelihoods and income generation
- 5,300 people, of whom 90% are females, received support for gender based violence
- 9,700 people took part in community based activities and peace education