UNDP-MERI Report: Pathways to Resilience for Syrian Refugees Living in Camps in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

01 Sep 2015


This is the final integrated report of the Resilience Feasibility Study of the “Syrian Refugee Camps and their Neighbouring Host Communities” in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq commissioned by the UNDP Office in Erbil. This report draws from the findings of the earlier reports (desk review, quantitative assessment and qualitative assessment) prepared as part of this study but presents new analyses, syntheses and recommendations not contained in the earlier reports.


The overall aim of the assessment was to explore ways in which the response to the Syrian refugee crisis can move from the provision of humanitarian assistance to a resilience based development response which would support long term self-reliance of both the refugees and the host communities.




  • Study carried out in the camps of Domiz and Akre in the Duhok Governorate, Qushtapa in Erbil, and Arbat in Sulaimaniyah
  • Major concern for refugees and host community members is the significant increase in competition for the available job positions, especially in the camps in Duhok and Erbil
  • Priority of action on refugee households is two-fold: address the gaps in livelihood strategies, and expand the base of households’ key assets

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