6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where are we?

doctor microscope
A specialised doctor examines a specimen at a UNDP rehabilitated TB hospital in Sulaymaniyah. Photo by Jamal Penjweny/UNDP Iraq 2013

In 2010, there were 12 cases of HIV/AIDS in Iraq (ten male and two females), with the majority of cases located in Baghdad. In 2011, the number was 11, (seven males and four females).

The number of incidences resulting from a lack of health awareness and social education did not exceed 10 to 11 annually. This reflects the success of national information, education and communication programmes and other efforts in promoting knowledge of valid HIV-prevention methods and reducing misconceptions about the disease. By 2011, 91.5% of women in Iraq knew about HIV/AIDS.

The percentage of women aged 15-49 years who know that having one faithful uninfected sex partner and using a condom every time, are two ways of preventing HIV transmission is very low, with significant differences between the urban and rural areas. In general, only one out of every five women has knowledge of the two prevention methods. In urban areas, 22% of women could identify two methods of HIV prevention compared to only 12% in rural areas.[1]

[1] MICS4. P 29

UNDP's work in Iraq

  • Photo by UNDP Iraq 2013


  • Photo by Jamal Penjweny/UNDP Iraq 2013


Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs