6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where are we?


Photo by UNDP Iraq 2011

Effective communication among those involved in the development process is not possible without the necessary infrastructure. Personal computers and telephones allow people to exchange experiences and learn from each other, enabling higher returns on investment and avoiding problems of duplication or missing information.

Iraq has made steady progress in the use of modern technology and information. Although only 5.1% of households have a fi­xed telephone line, 94.3% of households own a mobile phone (not including the Kurdistan Region of Iraq). The percentage of households owning a personal computer has increased from 5% in 2004 to 17.2% in 2011, and there has also been an increase in the percentage of households using a satellite, rising from 40% in 2004 to 96% in 2011. Internet access in Iraq remains very low at 6%.

In the area of debt relief, the Paris Club Group reduced their official debt of $114 billion in 2003 by $31 billion. This is in accordance to the Paris Agreement that Iraq signed with the International Monetary Fund.

UNDP's work in Iraq

1.28 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population