Iraq’s nationally determined contributions to UNFCCC 2015 Agreement
With 196 Parties, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has near universal membership and is the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol has been ratified by 192 of the UNFCCC Parties.
Since its establishment in 2003, the Iraqi Ministry of Environment has taken vital steps to reconnect the country to the international environment community after the long and arduous years of war and sanctions. During the course of the past ten years, the country has been able to accede to a number of the major multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), most prominently the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol, which were ratified in 2009.
However Iraq has missed out on a considerable portion of the learning process that other countries have gone through and profited from. Iraq’s Intended nationally determined contributions of Parties in the context of the 2015 agreement (INDCs) will be undertaken within the framework of the convention, and in accordance with equity and the principle of Common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR), that takes into account the country's sustainable development and poverty eradication.
The project builds upon existing capacities to strengthen Iraq’s cooperation and coordination with other UNFCCC Party members and encourage the cooperation between Iraq and other Parties to achieve the ultimate objectives of the UNFCCC.
The project aims to formulate Iraq’s potential contributions to the post-2020 UNFCCC climate agreemen (‘Nationally Determined Contributions’ or ‘INDCs’), under the INDCs GEF-UNDP global umbrella project.
What we have achieved so far
The project is building Iraq’s capacity to consolidate the country’s engagement in the 2015 negotiation process leading to the establishment of a legally binding agreement having a global impact post-2020. So far, UNDP has:
- helped the Ministry of Environment finalise the list of Project Board members and establish an implementation unit in the ministry; and,
- provided a national consultant who will assist in the formulation of Iraq’s INDCs andtrain the negotiation team in the UNFCCC COP21, which will take place in Paris late 2015.
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