Rehabilitation of the Tikrit city central water plant in October 2015. Photo: UNDP Iraq/2015

UNDP's Funding Facility for Immediate Stabilization (FFIS) is organized to support four types of activity. Specific projects are decided in agreement with the Provincial Council and Governor, based on priorities identified at the local level through consultations. Given the sensitive nature of stabilization and the fragile conditions prevailing in many newly liberated areas, FFIS is based on a set of partnership principles. Concerns relating to human rights, protection, gender and inclusion are taken into account during the prioritization and sequencing of activities and the United Nation’s Guiding Principles on Displacement and Return guide the decisions of the Steering Committee. Donors are encouraged to provide financing for the Facility as a whole, although they may earmark their contributions for specific windows if they chose. The four windows include:

- Public Works and Light Infrastructure Rehabilitation: This window is used to finance light repairs of key public infrastructure including clinics, police stations, water facilities, power grids, government buildings and access roads. It will also be used to finance rubble removal and waste collection. The intention is to provide short-term employment through public work schemes including cash for work.

- Livelihoods: This window is used to finance activities aimed at jump-starting the local economy and generating income for local households, particularly families returning to their homes. The intention is to provide micro-credit grants to small businesses with high community impact including bakeries, electrical shops, agriculture, food kiosks and micro-stores. Where possible, support will also be given to women and vulnerable households.

- Capacity Support: This window is used to finance technical support for local governments, boosting their capacity to cope with the challenges arising during stabilization. The intention is to recruit and deploy technical experts to support planning, budgeting, implementation, and monitoring functions. Professionals with expertise in property restitution, rule of law and policing can also be deployed. The expectation is that these deployments will be short-term, until government funding comes on line to absorb these staff or transition them.

- Community Reconciliation: This window is used to finance programmes that help local leaders and community groups promote social cohesion and dialogue. The intention is to provide micro-credit grants to community organizations to support reconciliation activities.