UNDP in Iraq
Who we are
Iraq was a founding member of the United Nations in 1945. Present in Iraq since 1976, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is committed to supporting the Government and people of Iraq during their transition towards reconciliation, reform and stability.
UNDP’s support ranges from promoting emergency livelihoods and community dialogue in districts impacted by the humanitarian crisis, to helping stabilize newly liberated areas through its Funding Facility for Stabilization (FFS), to providing technical assistance in support of governance reforms and decentralization.
What we do
In January 2016, UNDP’s new four-year Country Programme Document (CPD) was endorsed. The CPD focuses on:
1. Developing a framework for rights, peace and stability through public institutional reform;
2. Improving delivery of public goods and services through administrative and fiscal reform and devolution from the national Government to the governorates; and
3. Reviving communities through direct intervention to stabilize newly liberated areas in preparation for early returns and recovery.
The Country Office is committed to:
1. Accelerating institutional reform in key national institutions;
2. Supporting the devolution of administrative and fiscal authority to governorates; and
3. Contributing to stabilization, peacebuilding and early recovery.
Given the special status of the Kurdistan Region, UNDP is working with the Regional Government to accelerate high priority structural reforms.
UNDP is the lead partner supporting Security Sector Reform. Support includes developing an action plan for the reform of the security sector, and strengthening democratic oversight by building the capacity of the Security and Defense Committee in the Council of Representatives. In partnership with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and UNAMI, UNDP is working on initiatives for judicial and criminal justice reform, including by developing curricula and criteria for the recruitment and training of judges, prosecutors and police.
On 11 August 2016, UNDP and the Government of Iraq signed an agreement to help strengthen the capacity of the Government to detect, investigate and prosecute high-profile and complex corruption cases. In support of the Government’s reform programme, UNDP is also developing procedures and training materials for the merit-based recruitment of senior government officials. Special efforts are made to support Government’s economic reform agenda both at federal and regional levels.
UNDP is supporting implementation of the Provincial Powers Act (Law 21), the cornerstone of the country’s important efforts to derogate and decentralize administrative authority to the Governorates. UNDP is helping to reform public financial management and budget execution in high priority governorates and at the federal level through its important Integrated Public Sector Modernization Programme and the Kurdistan Public Sector Modernization Programme.
UNDP Iraq is the biggest implementer of stabilization activities in the country. Since the program started in 2015, the Funding Facility for Stabilization (FFS) has mobilized more than $1bn from 27 donors. Stabilization focuses on repairing public infrastructure and providing essential services to communities liberated from ISIL. This includes rebuilding schools and hospitals, rehabilitating water systems and electricity networks, restoring private homes, and providing short-term employment in public works schemes and rehabilitating houses damaged by ISIL.
Impressive results have already been achieved: by May 2019, UNDP Iraq managed to ensure that 1.3 million Iraqis have improved access to clean water, over 800,000 Iraqis have better access to healthcare, and 1.8 million Iraqis have better access to electricity. Over 95% of the work is contracted through the local private sector which not only reduces costs, but ensures local companies rebuild their own cities with local labour through the resumption of local economies, and the quick injection of emergency incomes.
In collaboration with UNAMI, UNDP is helping to develop a strategy for reconciliation that focuses on building capacity and mobilizing influential local actors, including religious and tribal leaders and youth and women’s groups, to promote social peace through mediation training and inter-community dialogue.
People have benefitted from UNDP’s stabilization activities
Stabilization projects completed or underway in 31 locations in Anbar, Salah al-Din, Ninewah, Diyala and Kirkuk Governorates
Local Peace Committees established in Salah al-Din, Anbar, and Diyala to support community reconciliation
Internally displaced people and refugees received legal and social services at 6 Legal Aid Centres in 2016-2017
Direct beneficiaries in vulnerable communities have improved risks awareness and disaster preparedness along the Tigris flood plain
Governorates formulated Provincial Development Strategies: Basra, Missan, Muthanna, Diwaniyah, Erbil, Sulaimaniyah and Duhok
Governorates of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq developed Sustainable Energy Action Plans: Erbil, Duhok and Sulaimaniyah
Youth reached online including in training sessions on entrepreneurship and innovation for development
Users visited our website in 2017, with over 70% increase compared to 2016, and millions were reached on social media